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arthritis

Various types of arthritis treatment is available at shreeji Orthopaedic and ENT hospital, Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India. In a healthy joint, the bone ends are covered with a smooth cushion of cartilage and the joint is protected by a fluid-filled capsule called the synovium. Arthritic joints are swollen, or inflamed, usually because the cartilage has been damaged in some way. Patients with arthritis suffer pain, stiffness and swelling in the affected area or areas. Nearly one in three adults suffers from arthritis or other chronic joint symptoms. At shreeji Orthopaedic and ENT hospital, Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India, all signs and symptoms of various arthritis are taken care off. In advanced stage of any suitable arthritis, joint replacement surgery ( THR, TKR ) are also available at shreeji Orthopaedic and ENT hospital, Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India.

There are over 100 different types of arthritic diseases. The most common arthritis treated at shreeji Orthopaedic and ENT hospital, Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India is osteoarthritis, a degenerative joint disease in which the cartilage protecting the bone ends wears away. Rheumatoid arthritis is an autoimmune disorder in which the body's own immune system attacks the joint lining.

A diagnosis of arthritis is made after an evaluation of symptoms, a physical examination and one or more diagnostic imaging tests. Unfortunately, most types of arthritis are currently incurable - but today's treatment options can be very effective. Treatment typically involves a combination of anti-inflammatory medication and devices to relieve stress on the joint (canes, crutches or splints). Regular exercise, weight loss for overweight patients, and cortisone injections may also be helpful. In severe cases, orthopedic surgery such as joint replacement may be the only way to improve or restore function and relieve pain.

The two most common types of arthritis are osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis.

If left undiagnosed and untreated, many types of arthritis can cause irreversible damage to the joints, bones, organs, and skin.

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Osteoarthritis

Osteoarthritis, also known as degenerative joint disease, results from wear and tear. The pressure of gravity causes physical damage to the joints and surrounding tissues, leading to:

  • pain
  • tenderness
  • swelling
  • decreased function

Osteoarthritis, also known as degenerative joint disease, results from wear and tear. The pressure of gravity causes physical damage to the joints and surrounding tissues, leading to:

  • knees
  • hips
  • hands
  • spine
Risks of osteoarthritis increase with age. Other risk factors include joint trauma, obesity, and repetitive joint use.

Rheumatoid Arthritis

Rheumatoid arthritis is an autoimmune disease that occurs when the body's own immune system mistakenly attacks the synovium (cell lining inside the joint). Rheumatoid arthritis is a chronic, potentially disabling disease which causes:

  • joint pain
  • stiffness
  • swelling
  • loss of joint function
While the cause remains elusive, doctors suspect that genetic factors are important. Rheumatoid arthritis can be difficult to diagnose early because it can begin gradually with subtle symptoms.

Juvenile Arthritis

Juvenile arthritis is a general term for all types of arthritis that occur in children. Juvenile rheumatoid arthritis is the most prevalent type of arthritis in children. There are three major types:

  • polyarticular (affecting many joints)
  • pauciarticular (pertaining to only a few joints)
  • systemic (affecting the entire body)
Signs and symptoms of juvenile rheumatoid arthritis vary from child to child. No single test can conclusively establish a diagnosis. Juvenile arthritis must be present consistently for six or more consecutive weeks before a correct diagnosis can be made.

Psoriatic Arthritis

Psoriatic arthritis is similar to rheumatoid arthritis. About 5 percent of people with psoriasis, a chronic skin disease, also develop psoriatic arthritis. In psoriatic arthritis, there is inflammation of the joints and sometimes the spine.

Fibromyalgia

Fibromyalgia syndrome is a painful condition characterized by:
  • muscle pain
  • chronic fatigue
  • poor sleep
The name fibromyalgia means pain in the muscles, ligaments and tendons. Fibromyalgia is a type of soft tissue or muscular rheumatism and does not cause joint deformities.

Gout

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Pseudogout / CPPD

Pseudogout, which is also known as Calcium Pyrophosphate Dihydrate Deposition Disease (CPPD), is caused by deposits of calcium phosphate crystals (not uric acid) in the joints. CPPD is often mistaken as gouty arthritis. Since CPPD is a different disease than gout, treatment is not the same as gout.

Scleroderma

Scleroderma is a disease of the body's connective tissue that causes thickening and hardening of the skin. It can also affect the:
  • joints
  • blood vessels
  • internal organs
There are two types of scleroderma: localized and generalized.

Lupus / Systemic Lupus Erythematosus

Systemic lupus erythematosus is an autoimmune disease that can involve the:

  • skin
  • kidneys
  • blood vessels
  • joints
  • nervous system
  • heart
  • other internal organs
Symptoms vary, but may include a skin rash, arthritis, fever, anemia, fatigue, hair loss, mouth ulcers, and kidney problems. Symptoms usually first appear in women of childbearing age, but, can occur in children or older people. About 90 percent of those affected are women.
 

 

 

 
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